Stem Cell Therapy

What is a Stem Cell?

At its simplest form, a stem cell is defined as any cell that can differentiate and replicate. Not only does this mean that the cell can multiply, but also that it can turn into different types of tissues. Here we will help educate on the different kinds of stem cells.

Stem Cells Derived From Fat Cells

Your own fat is loaded with mesenchymal stem cells. Mesenchymal stem cells are able to differentiate into cartilage and bone, and possibly blood vessels, fat, muscle, nerve, and connective tissue. Fat has been found to have hundreds, if not thousands, of times more stem cells than bone marrow contains. Today’s technology and tools allow us to separate the stem cells from fat itself. Combine the fact that most people have adequate fat supplies and the numbers of stem cells in fat are so abundant, and this allows us to have no need for culturing the cells over a period of days. This means these cells can be used immediately. This is the method we use at Allure Medical.

fat derived stem cells

Embryonic Stem Cells

The most familiar, type of stem cell is the embryonic stem cell. These cells are from the embryonic stage and have yet to differentiate. Because of this, these cells change into any body part. These are then called pluri-potential cells. There has been controversy surrounding the use of these cells because they are taken from unborn or unwanted embryos. There have been concerns regarding embryonic stem cells being used in certain areas of medicine – particularly, outside the United States – that have been associated with occasional tumor (teratoma) formations. Work is being conducted by various companies to attempt to isolate particular lines of embryonic stem cells for use in the future.