Skin, Hair & Dermatology

Basal and Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma are three different types of skin cancer. Basal and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common, with almost three million cases being diagnosed in the United States every year between them. They most often develop on skin that has gotten a lot of sun exposure, particularly the head, face and nose. While basal cell carcinoma does not typically spread to other areas of the body, squamous cell and melanoma are known to spread to other areas if not caught early on. Melanoma can also appear on sun-damaged skin, but it can also be hereditary and it can be more aggressive.

What are the symptoms?

Carcinoma symptoms can include:

  • A slow-growing, pink, flesh-colored, brown or black dome-like growth on the skin. It may have visible blood vessels or black or brown spots, and it might ooze and crust over.
  • Shiny, scaly patch of skin that might easily be mistaken for eczema.
  • Waxy, hard patch that looks like a scar.
  • A sore that bleeds easily and will not heal, or heals and comes back.

Melanoma often looks like a mole or other growth on the skin, but it is generally asymmetrical, varied in color and larger than 1/4” in diameter.

If you notice any new or unusual growths or patches on your skin, call Allure Dermatology practice right away for a same-day appointment, so that you can start getting treated as soon as possible.

How are they treated

When caught early, skin cancers are very treatable and outcomes are very positive. Most often, skin cancers are removed by excision, with the doctor making sure they have removed all of the cancerous cells.Other treatments can include cryotherapy, radiation, and curettage and electrodessication (where the cancerous growth is scraped away and remaining cells are destroyed with electricity).